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Medigap Health Plans: Navigating the Waters of Supplemental Coverage

September 18, 20233 min read

Medigap Health Plans: Navigating the Waters of Supplemental Coverage


Medigap, also known as Medicare Supplement Insurance, is a type of health insurance sold by private companies to fill gaps in Original Medicare coverage. These gaps can include co-payments, deductibles, and other out-of-pocket costs. As health care expenses continue to rise, more and more seniors are looking towards Medigap Health Plans to help reduce their medical bills. But what exactly are Medigap Health Plans, and how can they benefit you?

1. What is Medigap?

Medigap is designed to work in tandem with Original Medicare (Part A and Part B). These policies can help pay some of the remaining health care costs that Original Medicare doesn't cover. This might include:

  • Copayments

  • Coinsurance

  • Deductibles

2. Different Types of Medigap Plans

While there's a consistent framework that all Medigap policies adhere to, the specifics can differ. There are ten standardized Medigap plans available in most states, each labeled with a letter (A, B, C, D, F, G, K, L, M, N). Each lettered plan offers a different set of benefits, with plans of the same letter offering identical benefits regardless of the provider.

3. Selecting the Right Plan

It's essential to analyze your current health needs and financial situation when considering a Medigap plan. Some factors to contemplate include:

  • Coverage Needs: Do you frequently visit specialists or undergo tests?

  • Budget: Some plans might have higher monthly premiums but cover more, while others could have lower premiums and less coverage.

  • Future Concerns: Consider how your health might change in the coming years.

4. Enrollment and Eligibility

Enrolling in a Medigap plan during the Medigap Open Enrollment Period – a six-month window that starts the month you turn 65 and are enrolled in Medicare Part B – is often the best approach. During this time, you have a guaranteed issue right, meaning you can buy any Medigap policy sold in your state regardless of health conditions.

5. Medigap vs. Medicare Advantage

It's important to distinguish between Medigap and Medicare Advantage. While both offer ways to supplement Original Medicare, they function differently:

  • Medigap: Only supplements Original Medicare.

  • Medicare Advantage: An alternative to Original Medicare, combining Part A, Part B, and usually Part D (prescription drugs).

6. Changes and Protections

Changes in federal laws in recent years mean that some Medigap policies no longer cover the Part B deductible. Additionally, consumer protections called guaranteed issue rights ensure companies cannot deny you a policy based on health history or charge more due to past or present health conditions during specific times.

7. Costs and Pricing

While private companies set the premiums for Medigap policies, there are three ways these companies can price their policies:

  • Community-rated (or no-age-rated)

  • Issue-age-rated (or entry-age-rated)

  • Attained-age-rated

8. Foreign Travel and Medigap

Some Medigap policies also offer coverage for foreign travel emergencies, which Original Medicare doesn't usually cover. This can be especially beneficial for retirees looking to travel during their golden years.


Medigap Health Plans provide a valuable safety net for many seniors across the country, helping them navigate the often complex world of health care financing. By understanding how these plans work and the benefits they offer, you can make a more informed decision about your health care future.

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