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Medigap Definition: Bridging the Gaps in Medicare Coverage

August 02, 20233 min read

Medigap Definition: Bridging the Gaps in Medicare Coverage

Medicare, a vital health insurance program for seniors and certain disabled individuals, offers a broad range of benefits. However, it doesn't cover everything. Enter Medigap, a supplemental insurance designed to fill the voids left by Medicare. This article will guide you through the nuances of Medigap, helping you understand its significance, how it contrasts with Medicare Advantage, and its pivotal role in safeguarding beneficiaries from unexpected medical costs.

Understanding Medigap

Medigap, as the name suggests, is designed to "gap" or cover the spaces left by Original Medicare. These spaces refer to out-of-pocket costs like deductibles, copayments, and coinsurance. Medigap policies are sold by private insurance companies and are meant to work in tandem with Medicare Parts A and B.

For instance, if you have an overseas trip and require medical attention, certain Medigap policies can cover these international health care costs, which Original Medicare might not cover. The primary objective of Medigap is to ensure beneficiaries aren't burdened with unexpected medical bills.

Medigap vs. Medicare Advantage

It's essential to distinguish between Medigap and Medicare Advantage. While both offer additional benefits, they serve different purposes. Medicare Advantage, also known as Part C, is an alternative way to receive Medicare benefits. It often includes additional perks like vision, dental, and hearing coverage. On the other hand, Medigap strictly serves as a supplemental plan, filling the gaps in Original Medicare coverage.

Cost Implications of Medigap

Opting for Medigap means an additional monthly premium on top of what you pay for Medicare Part B. This premium varies based on the private insurance carrier and the specific Medigap plan you choose. It's crucial to shop around and compare policies to find one that aligns with your health needs and budget.

What Does Medigap Cover?

Primarily, Medigap plans are tailored to cover out-of-pocket costs for services that Medicare covers. It's not designed to provide benefits for services that Medicare doesn't cover. For instance, routine dental and vision care aren't typically covered by Medigap since Original Medicare doesn't offer these either.

Eligibility and Enrollment

To be eligible for a Medigap policy, you must have Medicare Part A and Part B. It's advisable to enroll in a Medigap plan during your Medigap open enrollment period, which begins the month you turn 65 and lasts for six months. During this period, insurance companies can't use medical underwriting, meaning they can't charge higher premiums based on health status or deny coverage.

In Conclusion

Medigap plays a pivotal role in ensuring that Medicare beneficiaries aren't caught off guard by unexpected medical expenses. By understanding its benefits and how it complements Original Medicare, individuals can make informed decisions about their health coverage, ensuring peace of mind and financial security in their golden years.


With the ever-evolving landscape of health insurance, it's crucial to stay informed and understand the tools at your disposal. Medigap, with its supplemental benefits, offers a safety net for many, ensuring that health care remains accessible and affordable. Whether you're approaching retirement age or assisting a loved one in navigating their health coverage options, understanding Medigap can make a significant difference in health outcomes and financial well-being.

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