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Supplemental Medicare Plan: Navigating the Waters of Extra Coverage

Supplemental Medicare Plan: Navigating the Waters of Extra Coverage

February 14, 20233 min read

Supplemental Medicare Plan: Navigating the Waters of Extra Coverage

Medicare, a cornerstone of healthcare for seniors and certain disabled individuals in the U.S., offers a foundational level of health coverage. However, like any foundational coverage, there are gaps. This is where the Supplemental Medicare Plan, often referred to as Medigap, comes into play.

Understanding the Basics of Medigap

Medigap is not just a fancy term; it's a lifeline for many. It's additional insurance purchased from private health insurance companies designed to cover the "gaps" in Original Medicare. These gaps can range from co-payments and deductibles to other out-of-pocket costs that Original Medicare doesn't cover.

To be eligible for Medigap, one must have both:

  • Part A (Hospital Insurance): This covers inpatient hospital stays, care in a skilled nursing facility, hospice care, and some home health care.

  • Part B (Medical Insurance): This portion covers certain doctors' services, outpatient care, medical supplies, and preventive services.

Why Consider a Medigap Policy?

The primary reason individuals opt for Medigap is to offset out-of-pocket costs. While Original Medicare provides a broad range of coverage, it doesn't cover everything. Beneficiaries are often left with bills for the remaining balance. Medigap can help alleviate these costs, ensuring that beneficiaries don't have to dig deep into their pockets every time they need medical care.

Diving Deeper: What Does Medigap Cover?

Medigap policies are standardized, meaning they offer the same basic benefits, regardless of which insurance company you purchase from. However, some Medigap policies offer additional benefits. It's essential to understand what each policy covers and compare them side by side.

For instance, while all Medigap policies cover Medicare Part A coinsurance and hospital costs (up to an additional 365 days after Medicare benefits are used), not all cover Medicare Part B excess charges or foreign travel emergencies.

Making the Right Choice: Buying a Medigap Policy

When considering a Medigap policy, timing is crucial. The best time to buy is during the Medigap Open Enrollment Period, which begins the month you're 65 or older and enrolled in Part B. During this period, an insurance company can't use medical underwriting, meaning they can't refuse to sell you any Medigap policy they offer, charge you more based on health problems, or make you wait for coverage to start.

However, if you decide to wait, there's a chance you might not be able to buy the Medigap policy you want, or you might have to pay more.

The Changing Tides: Switching or Dropping a Medigap Policy

Life is unpredictable, and your health needs can change. If you already have a Medigap policy but feel it's not the right fit, you might be considering switching. It's possible to switch, but it's essential to understand the rules and potential implications. For instance, if you're outside of the Medigap Open Enrollment Period, there's no guarantee that an insurance company will sell you a new policy if you don't meet the medical underwriting requirements.


The Supplemental Medicare Plan, or Medigap, offers a safety net for those looking to bridge the gap in Original Medicare coverage. Whether you're considering purchasing a policy, switching, or dropping one, it's crucial to arm yourself with knowledge. By understanding the intricacies of Medigap, you can make informed decisions that best suit your health needs and financial situation.

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